Craters, monoliths & hominins in Ngorongoro

Home to the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, the Ngorongoro highlands in northern Tanzania offer a multitude of fascinating pastimes to engage visitors. A designated UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979, the conservation area allows visitors to sample locally grown and brewed coffee, safari through a crater, and hike up another and walk in the footsteps of early man.

The Ngorongoro Crater is famed for being the only intact caldera in the world. A wildlife sanctuary flourishes in its basin where the floor has been fertilised by the volcanic soil, attracting an array of wildlife ranging from lions and leopards to elephants and hippos. Safaris can be taken through the crater and in the Ndutu lake area to the west of the crater, known for its particularly strong wildlife population and the Great Migration passing through annually. 

Two lesser craters, Empakai and Olmoti, can be explored on foot with local Maasai guides. The impressive Oldupai Gorge—where a 1.75-million-year-old hominin skull and series of preserved footprints were discovered—allows visitors to walk in the literal footsteps of early man. From safaris in the Ngorongoro Crater, observing the Great Migration from Ndutu Lake, to treks through the magnificent Oldupai Gorge, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area leaves visitors with no shortage of activities to entertain.


  • A multitude of attractions from the Ngorongoro, Empakai & Olmoti craters to Ndutu Lake and Oldupai Gorge
  • A wide range of game can be seen in the Ngorongoro Crater and at the Ndutu Lake where the annual Great Migration passes through
  • The Oldupai Gorge is a fascinating area containing evidence of habitation by early hominins 
  • A little over 2hrs drive to the nearest airport in Arusha, Ngorongoro is easily accessible and a great add-on to those visiting the Serengeti National Park and Mount Kilimanjaro National Park
  • Best time to go:
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  • Mixed

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