Swaziland Facts and Info

Swaziland - Facts and Figures

Swaziland is the smallest country in Africa and in the southern hemisphere, measuring an area of 17,000km², roughly the size of Wales. It is home to an estimated 1 million people, mainly from the Swazi tribe. It is one of the world's few remaining absolute monarchies, ruled by King Mswati III. The King rules in conjunction with his mother and appoints a prime minister, and some members of parliament, though he still wields executive power. 

Swaziland is nestled between South Africa and Mozambique, and though it is an independent kingdom with its own laws, it remains economically dependent on South Africa and its currency is tied to the Rand. It is a safe travel destination, with a good road network which makes getting around pretty easy. Apart from malaria and taking the relevant medication, travellers have few health risks to worry about, though please note that Swaziland has the world's highest rate of HIV/Aids. 

The country can be visited all year round with hot and wet summers (October-April) and dry, cool winters which are better for game viewing. It is a mountainous country with the Lubombo Mountains on the eastern border with Mozambique and the Highveld is located in the west of the country. In between there is lowveld vegetation with the altitude ranging from 250m here to 1200m in the mountains. There are a number of game reserves across the country providing good value for money though the Kruger National Park is just an one's hour drive away, as are many attractions in Kwazulu Natal.

Kingdom of Swaziland 

Umbuso weSwatini


17,364 km2 


 1,141,0001 (2007 estimate) 


Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (royal and legislative)

Time Zone:


Official languages:

English, SiSwati


Lilangeni (tied to South African Rand) - travellers can also generally pay in Rand. There are banks in the main towns, while credit cards are widely accepted.


Most travellers do not require a visa to enter Swaziland, while certain nationals can obtain a free visa upon arrival. So you should have no problem, whether arriving by air or road.


Absolute Monarchy

  • King Mswati III
  • Indlovukazi Queen Ntombi 
  • Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini 
  • Deputy Prime Minister Themba N. Masuku 

from the United Kingdom 6 September 1968 


GDP per Capita: USD$4,800


mining (coal), wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates.


sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, cattle.


Left side of the road


Zionist (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship) 40%, Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, Anglican, Bahai, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish and other 30%

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If you need any more information on Swaziland, our consultants are willing to help - contact us to plan your trip to Swaziland!

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